Power Programme

  

We identify the most important challenges facing the power sector in Poland and globally. We analyse how to safely and cost-effectively change the generation mix and how to plan the energy transition process to use renewable sources and other zero-carbon technologies. We describe the technical and economic feasibility of the energy transition in an accessible way.

 Our reports are based on reliable and continuously updated data. We want the conclusions of Forum Energii’s analyses to be used in the public and political debate on the direction of development of the power industry.

Power Programme Coordinators

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The Forum Energii Team

Aleksandra Gawlikowska-Fyk PhD

Aleksandra Gawlikowska-Fyk PhD

Power Programme Director

Marcin Dusiło

Marcin Dusiło

Senior Analyst

Antonina Majchrzak

Antonina Majchrzak

Substantive Assistant

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The Forum Energii Team

Publications

Energy Transition in Poland. 2024 Edition

Energy Transition in Poland. 2024 Edition
Poland’s energy transition is progressing, and 2023 was a year of real records. Although coal remains the main source of electricity production, its share in the mix fell to an all-time low of 60.5%, down 10 p.p. from a year earlier. Production from RES reached 27% for the first time. At the same time, energy production from natural gas increased, by more than 40%. This is a result of falling fuel prices and the flexibility of gas generation. Wholesale energy prices in Poland compared to other EU countries remain very high, and the economy’s dependence on imported fossil fuels is growing rapidly. In the latest, seventh edition of the “Energy Transition in Poland” report, Forum Energii presents the state of transition play and a broader look at the overall process.
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Energy Transition in Poland. 2024 Edition

Poland’s energy transition is progressing, and 2023 was a year of real records. Although coal remains the main source of electricity production, its share in the mix fell to an all-time low of 60.5%, down 10 p.p. from a year earlier. Production from RES reached 27% for the first time. At the same time, energy production from natural gas increased, by more than 40%. This is a result of falling fuel prices and the flexibility of gas generation. Wholesale energy prices in Poland compared to other EU countries remain very high, and the economy’s dependence on imported fossil fuels is growing rapidly. In the latest, seventh edition of the “Energy Transition in Poland” report, Forum Energii presents the state of transition play and a broader look at the overall process.
Energy Transition in Poland. 2024 Edition
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Monthly Magazine

Monthly Magazine
How is the structure of electricity production in Poland changing? What emissions are involved? How are raw material prices evolving? Here is a summary of the most important data from the electricity industry. Updated monthly.
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Monthly Magazine

How is the structure of electricity production in Poland changing? What emissions are involved? How are raw material prices evolving? Here is a summary of the most important data from the electricity industry. Updated monthly.
Monthly Magazine
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Eighth capacity market auction—high time for the flexibility market

Eighth capacity market auction—high time for the flexibility market
At the end of December, one of the last power market auctions took place. Under this form of state aid, contracts so far concluded have been for nearly PLN 90 billion (nominally), which will be repaid until 2044. Financing for them comes from electricity consumers, in the average household electricity bill, in which the power market fee accounts for about 7%. This mechanism, although costly, allows maintaining capacity in the power system. So far, however, it has mainly generated subsidies for existing and new coal and gas-fired power plants. The eighth auction turned out to be different from the previous ones: it was decentralised, clean, cheaper and battery-based. Instead, there is no new generating capacity.
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Eighth capacity market auction—high time for the flexibility market

At the end of December, one of the last power market auctions took place. Under this form of state aid, contracts so far concluded have been for nearly PLN 90 billion (nominally), which will be repaid until 2044. Financing for them comes from electricity consumers, in the average household electricity bill, in which the power market fee accounts for about 7%. This mechanism, although costly, allows maintaining capacity in the power system. So far, however, it has mainly generated subsidies for existing and new coal and gas-fired power plants. The eighth auction turned out to be different from the previous ones: it was decentralised, clean, cheaper and battery-based. Instead, there is no new generating capacity.
Eighth capacity market auction—high time for the flexibility market
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Planning Poland’s Climate and Energy strategies in a new political opening

Planning Poland’s Climate and Energy strategies in a new political opening
Poland’s new coalition government has declared a new opening in energy policy and offers much more ambitious transition goals, although the details of which are yet to be worked out. One of the first tasks of the new government is to propose a series of climate and energy strategies. Polarised opinions, attempts at disinformation, and political tension will make creating these guiding documents quite difficult. The preparation of the country's new energy and climate policy should be underpinned by sound analyses to justify the choices made. A council composed of the country's leading experts should be established to be a substantive voice in the process.
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Planning Poland’s Climate and Energy strategies in a new political opening

Poland’s new coalition government has declared a new opening in energy policy and offers much more ambitious transition goals, although the details of which are yet to be worked out. One of the first tasks of the new government is to propose a series of climate and energy strategies. Polarised opinions, attempts at disinformation, and political tension will make creating these guiding documents quite difficult. The preparation of the country's new energy and climate policy should be underpinned by sound analyses to justify the choices made. A council composed of the country's leading experts should be established to be a substantive voice in the process.
Planning Poland’s Climate and Energy strategies in a new political opening
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How to ‘uncoal’ Poland

How to ‘uncoal’ Poland
koparka węgla, maszyna kopiąca węgiel
The new government has a long list of decisions to make. Neglected power plant repairs, the poor condition of distribution networks, an unfinished project to spin off coal assets, and a declining mining industry. On top of that, there is downward pressure on electricity prices. Each of these areas requires immediate decisions and large amounts of money.
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How to ‘uncoal’ Poland

The new government has a long list of decisions to make. Neglected power plant repairs, the poor condition of distribution networks, an unfinished project to spin off coal assets, and a declining mining industry. On top of that, there is downward pressure on electricity prices. Each of these areas requires immediate decisions and large amounts of money.
How to ‘uncoal’ Poland
koparka węgla, maszyna kopiąca węgiel
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Beyond 60% RES in Poland by 2030 - cooperation between Forum Energii and Enercode

Beyond 60% RES in Poland by 2030 - cooperation between Forum Energii and Enercode
To lead an effective energy transition, you need not only regulations, but also good, modern computing tools. The world is changing rapidly - the winner will be the one who is able to plan strategically, but also react to changes and minimize costs. In order to meet these challenges, the Energy Forum, together with Enercode, has taken on the task of building an open energy model that will support the planning of the modernization of the Polish energy sector, taking into account the acceleration of the development of renewable energy sources.  
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Beyond 60% RES in Poland by 2030 - cooperation between Forum Energii and Enercode

To lead an effective energy transition, you need not only regulations, but also good, modern computing tools. The world is changing rapidly - the winner will be the one who is able to plan strategically, but also react to changes and minimize costs. In order to meet these challenges, the Energy Forum, together with Enercode, has taken on the task of building an open energy model that will support the planning of the modernization of the Polish energy sector, taking into account the acceleration of the development of renewable energy sources.  
Beyond 60% RES in Poland by 2030 - cooperation between Forum Energii and Enercode
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See other publications of the "Power" Programme See other publications of the "Power" Programme