International Programme

The energy transition is an international one, although the starting point and the specifics of each country are different. A common denominator for all today is the dependence on fossil fuels, which are traded in an increasingly complex market. Meanwhile, Russian aggression against Ukraine and the energy crisis have influenced our thinking about energy security, and the development of technology, digitalization and knowledge sharing are creating new opportunities to change our approach to this issue.

For more than 20 years, Poland, as a member state of the European Union, has been co-creating regulations that affect all key sectors of the economy. We operate in a world full of dependencies. We analyze them and propose solutions within the International Programme.

Projects

Energy security

We adopt a broad definition of energy security, understood as resilience to external and internal crises, using 21st-century technologies and knowledge. We are initiating a dialogue on increasing the resilience of the EU, including Poland, to resource shocks and reducing dependence on fuel imports - in favour of energy produced from RES. A key element of energy security is flexibility and adaptation to changing demand. The new security dimension entails strong international - primarily EU - cooperation in this area.

International cooperation

By engaging in dialogue on energy transition, Forum Energii participates in an international exchange of knowledge, data and ideas created in different parts of the world. We look for commonalities, we examine proposed solutions, we analyse potential risks by observing energy transitions in other countries. Forum Energi is part of the International Network of Energy Transition Think Tanks (INETT). The network was launched in 2020. Its members include think tanks from Europe, Asia, Africa and the Americas.

European regulations

We are fostering debate and providing analysis to provide substantive input into shaping the European Commission's energy transition agenda.

International Programme Coordinators

Want to meet everyone from Forum Energii?

The Forum Energii Team

Joanna Maćkowiak-Pandera PhD

Joanna Maćkowiak-Pandera PhD

President of Forum Energii

Maciej Zaniewicz

Maciej Zaniewicz

Senior Analyst | Senior Program Manager

Maciej Jakubik

Maciej Jakubik

Project Coordinator for European Regulations

Want to meet everyone from Forum Energii?

The Forum Energii Team

Publications

The Energy and Climate Roadmap. Ukraine towards the EU

Ukraine flag; EU flag, EU and Ukraine flag
The European Council decided on December 14 to open accession negotiations with Ukraine. In the coming months and years, Ukraine will have to do the arduous, technical work of implementing EU regulations. This includes the energy sector. In the roadmap prepared by the Green Deal Ukraïna project, in which Forum Energii is a partner, we identify the most urgent areas of energy and climate reform for Ukraine and take a closer look at the accession negotiations.
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The Energy and Climate Roadmap. Ukraine towards the EU

The European Council decided on December 14 to open accession negotiations with Ukraine. In the coming months and years, Ukraine will have to do the arduous, technical work of implementing EU regulations. This includes the energy sector. In the roadmap prepared by the Green Deal Ukraïna project, in which Forum Energii is a partner, we identify the most urgent areas of energy and climate reform for Ukraine and take a closer look at the accession negotiations.
Ukraine flag; EU flag, EU and Ukraine flag
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Anatomy of Dependence: How to Eliminate Rosatom from Europe

Anatomy of Dependence: How to Eliminate Rosatom from Europe
EU countries depend on cooperation with Russia in the nuclear field. This has resulted in Rosatom not being sanctioned after the Russian full-scale invasion of Ukraine, and trade in this sector is growing. This situation is disadvantageous for the EU and increases its vulnerability to Russian blackmail. Moreover, it strengthens the Russian military. The EU should increase its efforts to diversify supplies and build its own capabilities in the nuclear sector.
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Anatomy of Dependence: How to Eliminate Rosatom from Europe

EU countries depend on cooperation with Russia in the nuclear field. This has resulted in Rosatom not being sanctioned after the Russian full-scale invasion of Ukraine, and trade in this sector is growing. This situation is disadvantageous for the EU and increases its vulnerability to Russian blackmail. Moreover, it strengthens the Russian military. The EU should increase its efforts to diversify supplies and build its own capabilities in the nuclear sector.
Anatomy of Dependence: How to Eliminate Rosatom from Europe
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Billions of Euros for LNG and LPG still flowing from the EU to Russia

Billions of Euros for LNG and LPG still flowing from the EU to Russia
The EU embargo on Russian fuels did not extend to natural gas (including LNG, liquefied natural gas) or LPG (liquefied petroleum gas). In 2022 alone, EU countries paid as much as 16 billion euros for Russian LNG, a record high. Poland did not import any LNG from Russia, however it is the largest importer of LPG in the entire EU. In 2022, Poland spent about 700 million euros on Russian LPG. In this article, Forum Energii will explain how to close the loopholes in the EU embargo on Russian resources to finally eliminate them from the EU market.
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Billions of Euros for LNG and LPG still flowing from the EU to Russia

The EU embargo on Russian fuels did not extend to natural gas (including LNG, liquefied natural gas) or LPG (liquefied petroleum gas). In 2022 alone, EU countries paid as much as 16 billion euros for Russian LNG, a record high. Poland did not import any LNG from Russia, however it is the largest importer of LPG in the entire EU. In 2022, Poland spent about 700 million euros on Russian LPG. In this article, Forum Energii will explain how to close the loopholes in the EU embargo on Russian resources to finally eliminate them from the EU market.
Billions of Euros for LNG and LPG still flowing from the EU to Russia
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Russian oil disappearing from Europe

Russian oil disappearing from Europe
In 2021, about a quarter of the oil used in the EU, about €48 billion worth in total, came from Russia. The invasion of Ukraine prompted EU countries to impose sanctions on this commodity. However, the sanctions contain loopholes that have made Poland the EU’s largest importer of Russian oil.  While sealing the sanctions regime is possible, electrification of transportation will in the long run safeguard against the risk of replacing dependence on Russia with dependence on other petrostates.
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Russian oil disappearing from Europe

In 2021, about a quarter of the oil used in the EU, about €48 billion worth in total, came from Russia. The invasion of Ukraine prompted EU countries to impose sanctions on this commodity. However, the sanctions contain loopholes that have made Poland the EU’s largest importer of Russian oil.  While sealing the sanctions regime is possible, electrification of transportation will in the long run safeguard against the risk of replacing dependence on Russia with dependence on other petrostates.
Russian oil disappearing from Europe
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Ukraine’s Preparations for a Wartime Winter

Ukraine’s Preparations for a Wartime Winter
Ukraine has prepared relatively well for the heating season, despite the Russian invasion and subsequent war, which has been ongoing for more than six months. The accumulated stocks of coal and gas are likely to be sufficient to ensure heat and electricity supply. The decline in demand for electric power due to reduced economic activity during the war is greater than the lost generation potential, enabling Ukraine to export electricity to the EU. The biggest challenge will be to secure heating if the Russian shelling of CHP plants intensifies. This could cause a humanitarian catastrophe in Ukraine and increase the number of refugees.  
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Ukraine’s Preparations for a Wartime Winter

Ukraine has prepared relatively well for the heating season, despite the Russian invasion and subsequent war, which has been ongoing for more than six months. The accumulated stocks of coal and gas are likely to be sufficient to ensure heat and electricity supply. The decline in demand for electric power due to reduced economic activity during the war is greater than the lost generation potential, enabling Ukraine to export electricity to the EU. The biggest challenge will be to secure heating if the Russian shelling of CHP plants intensifies. This could cause a humanitarian catastrophe in Ukraine and increase the number of refugees.  
Ukraine’s Preparations for a Wartime Winter
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Climate neutrality – Poland is in favour and even against | A talk about the results of the last European Council

Climate neutrality – Poland is in favour and even against | A talk about the results of the last European Council
What actually happened at the recent European Council? Poland supported the goal of climate neutrality or quite the contrary? What can be expected in the coming months? Aleksandra Gawlikowska-Fyk and Joanna Maćkowiak-Pandera discuss the results of the European Council conclusions and its implications.
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Climate neutrality – Poland is in favour and even against | A talk about the results of the last European Council

What actually happened at the recent European Council? Poland supported the goal of climate neutrality or quite the contrary? What can be expected in the coming months? Aleksandra Gawlikowska-Fyk and Joanna Maćkowiak-Pandera discuss the results of the European Council conclusions and its implications.
Climate neutrality – Poland is in favour and even against | A talk about the results of the last European Council
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See other publications of the "International Program" Programme See other publications of the "International Program" Programme